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ADDRESSES MADE BY GENERAL JOHN J. PERSH-
ING, U. S. A., AND SECRETARY OP WAR
NEWTON D. BAKER.
OFFICEES AND SOLDIERS OF THE 33RD DIVISION
IN THE FIELD, LUXEMBOURG,
APRIL 22, 1919/
By Gen. John J. Pershing.
Although I have followed the effort that has been made
by the 33rd Division from the time of its landing up to the
time of the Armistice, it has not been my good fortune to have
an opportunity to inspect it as a whole, nor to say a word of
a personal nature as to what it has accomplished.
Now that demobilization has begun it is well for you,
before you leave, to form in your minds a very distinct impres-
sion of what has been accomplished by the American Expedi-
tionary Forces, of which you have been such an important part.
When we entered the war we found the Allied Army in a
very low state of morale and our entry gave them new hope.
When our Divisions, even partly trained though some of them
were, were thrown into the line, stopped the onslaughts of the
armies of the Central Powers, then our Allies took a new
courage and a new spirit of aggressiveness.
Beginning with the battle of Sampigny, of splendid mem-
ory, following the operations of the American Army on down
to Chateau Thierry, and in the Marne-Aisne offensive, in the
Champagne, and under our own splendid army in the battle
of St. Mihiel and later in the final great victory of the war,
the Argonne, we have to our credit nothing but a succession
* Reported by Sgt. H. L. Livingstone, Q. M. C, 33rd Division, 1907 S. 8th
St., Springfield, 111.
520 H. L. Livingstone j.i.s.h.s.
of victories. This is one thought that you must carry home
very clearly in your minds. Another is that the very good
effort we made to provide for four million men was completed
only to accommodate two million men, as we found that the
stuff of which those two million men was made was sufficient
to carry the war to a successful conclusion in 1918, instead of
prolonging it to 1919, as we all thought might be necessary, or
even to 1920. These things, then, have been a part of your
work. They are to your credit, credit of the entire American
Expeditionary Forces, but they would not have been possible
except through the very splendid individual efforts that you
have offered to the cause. Whether you know it or not,
whether you fully realize it or not, there has been in each
individual a spiritual uplift which carried him forward with
an aggressiveness, which, combined as a whole, made the
American Army an invincible one. You have belonged, then,
to the greatest army, the most splendid army of modern times,
under probably the best organization and composed of a per-
sonnel unequaled in modern times with an aggressiveness and
fighting spirit unsurpassed by any. You have in that army,
and as a part of it, fought in the greatest cause for which
mankind ever fought. You have as a part of that army and
in that cause represented perhaps the greatest nation, at
least in many respects, in the world today.
Isn't it a proud thing, men, for you to carry home these
thoughts with you, and when you contemplate it I am sure
none will dare to minimize your efforts in your presence or
speak discouragingly of them.
It is necessary that you carry home with you a very cor-
rect impression of what you have done, because your service
has been far from home and far from your people, who will
expect you to carry back a story of what America has accom-
plished in the war. It has been a very great privilege for
every individual to have served as a part of this army in the
war and each has given his very best, each has made the
supreme effort to carry out the wishes of our people, but in
Voi.xv,Nos.i-2 General Pershing's Address 521
doing so you also have received much. lt!ou have received a
strengthening of character, you have received a breadth of
vision which you had not before and you have prepared your-
selves, unconsciously, to take up the duties that will devolve
upon you when you return to your homes and your firesides.
These duties may be manifold, none of us can tell what we
are going to be called upon to do, but we know, we are assured,
that each will return to his home and follow whatever calling
may fall to his lot with the very same earnestness, with the
same industry, and with the same integrity of purpose with
which you have fought the battles of our country.
When you return home with the military victory, as you
are going to do, I am going to add to that another victory, and
that is a moral one, which you are carrying back. It is the
greatest moral victory that has ever been accomplished by an
army. Isn't it a splendid thing that each one of you will be
able to return home and say to his mother, or wife, or sister,
or sweetheart, that he belonged to an army of two million
men, served in a foreign country for more than two years,
under more than ordinary temptations and yet returned home
to the bosom of his family absolutely clean, morally as well as
mentally and physically? Wouldn't that be a splendid thing
to say to the womanhood of America, who remained back there
waiting and praying that you might return with a victory?
Wouldn't it be a tribute and honor to the women who made
many sacrifices and came to the fight alongside of you in
Europe and administered to the wounded and sick and other-
wise maintained an esprit and morale? Wouldn't it be a fine
thing for the coming generations of young men of America
for you to be able to say that this was an army of moral cru-
saders who returned home with a victory such as the world
never has seen? More than all the splendid victory is the
individual whose earnest work as such will make the combined
victory possible. Let us bear that in mind, carry it out, go
home with it proudly as we shall return home with the military
522 H. L. Livingstone j.i.s.h.s.
I shall close by simply expressing to you, your commander
and your officers, my very sincere thanks and my appreciation
of the splendid work that has been done by you since your
entry into the war. You are returning home with a record of
which you should be exceedingly proud. You are returning
home with the gratitude of all of those who are familiar with
what you have done. You are returning home with the grati-
tude of the Allies, who know what work you have performed,
not only upon your own front, but elsewhere on the western
front. May I extend to you the thanks and gratitude of the
American people, but I shall express the hope that you, your-
selves, at a very early date, may receive from their own lips,
at your own firesides, in your own homes in America, their
thanks and their congratulations. Thank you very much.
In honor today of the presence of the Honorable Secre-
tary of War, who has witnessed this splendid review, splendid
appearance of this Division, I am going to ask him to say a
word to you, although he has several times declined my
Address of Secretary of War Newton D. Baker.
This splendid review which you have given us today has
called upon you to begin early in the morning to get ready,
and now we are at the setting of the sun and many of you
have to scatter to remote places so it would not be just for
me to take more than a minute to express the sentiment of
gratitude I feel at having been privileged to witness you today
as a complete Division in battle array.
I do want, however, to tell you that those of us who see
you as you now are have thrills which you perhaps little
understand, and now that we have come to the sunset of this
great enterprise I bring you not only thanks for the inspira-
tion you have given us, not only thanks for the great work you
have done, but having very recently come from the other side
I bring you a message of love and welcome from home. You
are about to sail and when you get to the other side you will
Voi.xv,No8.i-2 Newton D. Baker's Address 523
find the arms of the United States stretched out in welcome to
you, from the port to your own homes, all along the line the
flags will be out and your friends ready.
The story of what you have done will for days be the only
subject of discussion and throughout your whole lives it will
be the great thing for conversation and memory.
I have watched this army grow on both sides of the water.
It did not grow like a poppy but it took genius to make it
grow. It took genius to organize in France for the receipt of
this army, drill it, place it, and take care of it. It takes genius
to send this army home in the way you have been invited to go
home, and I want, in your presence today, not only to thank
the man power of the army, but also to thank your great
Commander-in-Chief, and ask you to join me in three cheers
for General Pershing.
* Note. — A History of the Thirty-third Division, A. E. P., by Lieutenant
Colonel Frederick L. Huidekoper has been published by the Illinois State